SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGYWhen an individual holds twain contradicting thoughts at the same prison term the resulting situation is specify as Cognitive discord . The scheme of Cognitive variance was start-off proposed by psychologist Leon Festinger in 1956 who utter that when an individual experiences interference and then(prenominal) he or she withal experiences the oblige to melt off or remove the noise and that the loudness of the air pressure to trim back or remove the noise is a function of the racket experiencedIn the present examine , the opening throw away onwards by Festinger is that the magnitude of dissonance is maximum when the pressure to reduce or remove it is the least(prenominal) and it would decrease if the pressure increases In other words , if thither are rewards or penalisation accustomed to a person to say something that is adverse to his faith , then he lead attempt to counter trade the confidence so that it matches with his actions . The tendency to change his opinion to eccentric his receptive behavior depart be maximum when the rewards or penalization is not big and will be lower congeal when the rewards are maximumIn the taste conducted by Stanford University to prove the hypothesis , 70 whizz male students were asked to be arenas in this investigate which dealt with the flyer of performance . When this experimentation was to dismount it was announced that later the shrink of the experiment , the overts would be foreknow into questi wholenessd for a feedback on the experiment so as to meliorate the experiment in the proximo . When a motif came into the dwell , the experimenter stated that the undertaking would at last for much than an moment and afterwardwards that another person superpower interview the subordinate on his views close to the experiment and then the task was set forrader the submit .
Two unconditional tasks were to be performed , in the first half hour the consequence had to confide 12 spools on a tray , remove the spools and retell the edge while in the second half hour he was to turn away apiece peg placed on a tray counter right-handed turn by turn . after(prenominal) completing the experiment the experimenter explained to the subject that there were two groups , hotshot where they had no idea about the experiment and the other who were tending(p) an idea about the experiment by a front assistant they had appointed and they had to analyze the results between the two sets of subjects . The experimenter then asked the subject to wait for the interviewer who regarded a feedback . While the subject was waiting for the interviewer , the experimenter came back and asked him if he would fill in for the intuitive feeling assistant who was absent and progress to positive remarks about the experiment to the undermenti superstard person and for this the subject would be paid . provided , some subjects were not devoted the task of explaining the experiment to the following(a) subject . Thus the experiment was conducted under three conditions , one control condition where the subject was directly taken to the interviewer after the experiment , second where the...If you want to get a expert essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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